In a paper published this week in Nature, DeepMind researchers said their algorithms correctly predicted 90 percent of acute kidney injuries that would end up requiring dialysis.
The work was the result of a project with the US Department of Veteran Affairs to help doctors get a head start on treatment.
DeepMind's co-founder and clinical lead Dominic King said that AI can support clinicians moving care from reactive to proactive and preventative.
More than two million people die every year across the globe from acute kidney injury.
The condition, which involves a sudden episode of kidney failure or damage, can be tricky for doctors to diagnose because there aren't always immediate and clear symptoms. Studies have shown that catching it early can decrease the likelihood of serious injury or death.