The case concerned Uber’s use of unlicensed drivers as part of its UberPOP service in France, which has since been suspended there and in several other cities, and therefore will not affect Uber’s operations in the country.
The Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) said in a statement that member states might prohibit and punish, as a matter of criminal law, the illegal exercise of transport activities in the context of the UberPOP service, without notifying the Commission in advance of the draft legislation.
Uber had argued that France should have sought the European Commission’s approval for a new taxi law, which contained measures on taxis and mobility apps, including one that said only official taxis could use geolocation technology to show available cars.
As France did not seek the Commission’s approval, Uber argued that criminal charges brought against two of the company’s French managers were not valid.
“This case is about whether a French law from 2014 should have been pre-notified to the European Commission and related to peer-to-peer services which we stopped in 2015”, a spokeswoman for Uber said. “As our new CEO has said, it is appropriate to regulate services such as Uber, and so we will continue the dialogue with cities across Europe.”
Uber, which allows users to summon a ride through an app on their smartphones, has roiled the traditional taxi industry since it launched in Europe in 2011, triggering protests and clashes with local authorities.
Uber has been forced to quit countries such as Denmark and Hungary.
Under EU law, national legislation affecting digital services needs to be pre-notified to Brussels to ensure it is not distorting the single market.
The ECJ said that since Uber was offering a transport service under EU law the obligation to notify the Commission in advance did not apply. Tuesday’s ruling follows the court’s previous decision classifying Uber as a transport service and therefore stripping it of the protections against undue national regulation that digital services enjoy under EU law.